Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2016, XXII/4: 231-234 Maximize

Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2016, XXII/4: 231-234

Title: Infections caused by Borrelia burgdorferi of the nervous system 

Author: Tokarska-Rodak M. 

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Infections caused by Borrelia burgdorferi of the nervous system

Tokarska-Rodak M.

Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biala Podlaska, Departament of Health, Poland

Int Rev Allergol Clin Immunol Family Med, 2016; Vol. 22, No. 4, 231

Neuroborreliosis this form of Lyme disease and is manifested by the central and peripheral nervous system symptoms. Borrelia garinii is genospecies particularly predisposed to the nervous system, however, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto and Borrelia afzelii may also participate in generating symptoms of neuroborreliosis. Neuroborreliosis is detected in about 15-40% of the patients infected with Borrelia burgdorferi. Neurological symptoms may occur after a few or several weeks after infection. Clinical manifestations include: the lymphocytic cerebrospinal meningitis, cranial neuropathies and radiculopathies. These symptoms may be accompanied by headache, torpor and fatigue. The clinical manifestation of neuroborreliosis may be accompanied by psychiatric disorders of varying severity (depression, personality disorders, dementia, mood swings). In the diagnosis of neuroborreliosis should be taken: the medical history, the clinical manifestations and results of cerebrospinal fluid and serum tests – the presence of anti-B. burgdorferi in cerebrospinal fluid and their intrameningeal synthesis.

Key words: neuroborreliosis, Borrelia burgdorferi, cerebrospinal fluid