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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2017, XLII/249: 116-120 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2017, XLII/249: 116-120

Title: Evaluation of oro-cecal transit time in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with cereal products intolerance

Authors: Błońska A, Konrad P, Chojnacki J, Chojnacki C. 

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Evaluation of oro-cecal transit time in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with cereal products intolerance

Błońska A, Konrad P, Chojnacki J, Chojnacki C.

Department of Clinical Nutrition and Gastroenterology Diagnostics Medical University of Łódź, Poland

The main symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) include abnormal frequency of bowel movements. On this basis, three main clinical types of the disease have been distinguished, i.e.: constipation (IBSC), diarrhea (IBS-D) and mixed-type (IBS-M) in accordance with the Rome III criteria. These disorders mainly affect the colon, but symptoms related to upper gastrointestinal tract are also often observed.
The aim of the study
was to assess the oro-caecal transit time in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with IgG-dependent hypersensitivity to cereal products.
Material and methods
. The study was performed in three 30-person groups, aged 27-48 years (38.3 ± 10.4), in whom three types of IBS were diagnosed basing on the Rome III criteria . The control group consisted of 30 subjects without gastrointestinal symptoms. Orocaecal transit time was measured by hydrogen breath test using lactulose and Gastro + Gastrolyzer (Bedfont).
Results
. The mean oro-caecal transit time was respectively in the groups: controls – 86,3 ± 5,95 min., IBS-C – 95,8 ±10,9 min. (p<0,05), IBS-D – 77,8 ± 8,21 min (p<0,01) and IBS-M – 80,6 ± 14,2 (p>0,05). There was a positive correlation between the transit time and disorder severity in IBS-C (p=0,05) group and negative in IBS-D (p<0,001) group. No significant correlation was found in IBS-M group (p=0,864).
Conclusion
. Disturbed digestic passage in the upper gastrointestinal tract may affect the clinical manifestation of irritable bowel syndrome.

Key words: irritable bowel syndrome, transit time, cereal products hypersensitivity

Pol Med J, 2017; XLII (249); 116–120