Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2017, XXIII/4: 142-150 Maximize

Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2017, XXIII/4: 142-150

Title: Beverage consumption in patients with metabolic disorders 

Authors: Okręglicka K, Szulińska A, Jagielska A, Nitsch-Osuch A. 

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Beverage consumption in patients with metabolic disorders

Okręglicka K1, Szulińska A2, Jagielska A1, Nitsch-Osuch A1.

Medical University of Warsaw, Poland: 1Department of Social Medicine and Public Health; 2Students Research Group of Hygiene and Prophylaxis in the Department of Social Medicine and Public Health

Int Rev Allergol Clin Immunol Family Med, 2017; Vol. 23, No. 4, 142

Although beverages can be a substantial source of energy and monosaccharides in a diet, they can contain artificial sweeteners. Patients with excessive body mass suffering from metabolic disorders should pay particular attention to the type of beverages they consume, especially those containing sugar, and reduce the consumption of beverages containing other sweeteners.
The aim of the study
was to assess the amount and type of beverages consumed by patients with metabolic disorders.
Material and methods
. The study was conducted on a group of 32 patients (22 women and 10 men) diagnosed with at least one of the following diseases: Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, familial hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia. The assessment of fluid intake was performed with the use of a 7-day current record of consumed fluids, including the type and amount of fluids consumed by the patients together with the type and amount of added sweeteners.
Results. The average BMI value among the participants to the study amounted to 28.9±6.6 kg/m2. Over 70% of patients proved to have waist circumference values indicating abdominal obesity. Fluids consumed by the participants to the study group most frequently, both men and women, were beverages that do not supply enough energy, such as water and other non-sweetened beverages. Their average daily intake amounted to 1076.9±648.4 ml, which was an equivalent of 60.2% of the total fluid intake. The remaining amount of beverages provided on average 232.69±134.60 kcal/ day, mostly from monosaccharides. This value significantly exceeded the recommendations of the American Heart Association.
Conclusions. Due to the fact that there are still certain abnormalities regarding the beverage intake in the study group, and considering the importance of monosaccharides reduction for the prophylaxis and treatment of metabolic disorders, it is required to consequently educate patients in this area and to perform activities aiming at increasing patient’s awareness concerning the sources of added sugar and its harmful influence on health.

Key words: beverage consumption, metabolic syndrome, hydration