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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2018, XLV/268: 154-157 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2018, XLV/268: 154-157

Title: Takotsubo syndrome triggered by emotional and physical stress due to coincidental immobilization resembling the experimental model of the disease – a case report 

Authors: Elikowski W, Małek-Elikowska M, Fertała N, Zawodna M, Baszko A, Trypuć Z. 

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN ENGLISH.

Takotsubo syndrome triggered by emotional and physical stress due to coincidental immobilization resembling the experimental model of the disease – a case report

Elikowski W1, Małek-Elikowska M2, Fertała N1, Zawodna M1, Baszko A3, Trypuć Z1.

1Department of Internal Medicine, Józef Struś Hospital, 22nd Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Poznań, Poland; 3Radiology Unit, Józef Struś Hospital, Poznań, Poland

The term takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is derived from a comparison of left ventricular (LV) appearance in its apical form to the shape of the pot which is a trap used for octopus catching. In the classical animal model on rats, its occurrence can be triggered by experimental immobilization (IMO). Former observations of capture myopathy, seen in animals after extreme exertion, showed coexistence of rhabdomyolysis related to skeletal muscle injury and myocardial damage. The authors describe a case of a 66-year-old obese female in whom TTS was triggered by an uncommonly stressful event when she had been trapped in the bathtub for several hours. The woman lives alone and has impaired functionality due to degenerative disease of the spine and hips. On this unlucky day, she decided to have a bath after which she was unable to get out of the bathtub despite repeated efforts. She was very frustrated and helpless having to spend all the evening and night in that cul-de-sac-like situation. She was rescued in the morning by neighbors and firemen who transferred her to hospital. On admission she was exhausted and suffering from dyspnea, she negated any chest pain; there were bloody abrasions on her elbows. Due to negative T waves in ECG and elevated troponin I, echocardiography was performed which revealed LV apical ballooning. The high level of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) was suggestive of rhabdomyolysis. Following heart failure therapy, the patient , s clinical state, as well as echocardiographic parameters, improved gradually. Normalization of LV function and CPK values was observed after 11 days.

Key words: takotsubo syndrome/cardiomyopathy, experimental model, immobilization, capture myopathy, rhabdomyolysis

Pol Med J, 2018, 2018; XLV (268); 154–157