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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2018, XLV/270: 226-231 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2018, XLV/270: 226-231

Title: Evaluation of the incidence of stroke in the course of hypertension in elderly patients 

Authors: Kapusta J, Kidawa M, Rynkowska-Kidawa M, Irzmański R, Kowalski J. 

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Evaluation of the incidence of stroke in the course of hypertension in elderly patients


Kapusta J1, Kidawa M2, Rynkowska-Kidawa M3, Irzmański R1, Kowalski J1.

Medical University of Lodz: 1Department of Internal Diseases and Cardiac Rehabilitation; 2Department of Cardiac Intensive Care; 3Department of Internal Diseases and Geriatrics, MCM Jonscher, Łódź

One of the more common chronic diseases is hypertension. After 70 years of age, it is found in over 70% of this population. It causes a number of organ complications that cause death.
The aim of the study
was to evaluate the prevalence of stroke in hypertension in elderly patients.
Material and methods
. The study involved 63 women and 17 men, aged from 75 to 93 years, who were diagnosed with arterial hypertension in accordance with the guidelines of the Polish Society of Hypertension. Patients were divided into two groups. The first pair consisted of a group of 1 hypertensive patients (HA) lasting up to 10 years of age over 85 years and a group of 2 patients with HA lasting up to 10 years at the age of 75-85 years. The second pair is group I – patients with HA over 10 years of age over 85 years and group II – patients with HA lasting over 10 years at the age of 75-85. The test confirming the history of stroke was obtained from medical records.
Results
. In the study, no significant differences were found in the incidence of stroke between younger patients and those older than 85 years. In the group of patients treated for more than 10 years due to hypertension, the percentage of patients with diagnosed stroke was slightly higher than in patients treated for shorter periods, however these were not statistically significant differences p<0.43.
Conclusions
. In the study population, the incidence of stroke was not significantly influenced by the age or duration of hypertension.

Key words: stroke, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, old age

Pol Med J, 2018; XLV (270); 226–231