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Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2019, XXV/1: 038-042 Maximize

Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2019, XXV/1: 038-042

Title: Protein intake and body weight 

Authors: Okręglicka K, Ludwiniak M, Wiśniewska K, Kozłowska A, Jagielska A, Nitsch-Osuch A. 

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06-01-2019

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN ENGLISH.

Protein intake and body weight


Okręglicka K1, Ludwiniak M2, Wiśniewska K3, Kozłowska A1, Jagielska A1, Nitsch-Osuch A1.

1Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland; 2Student Research Group for Hygiene and Prophylaxis, Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland; 3Institute of Food and Nutrition in Warsaw, Poland, Center for Promotion of Healthy Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity

International Review of Medical Practice, 2019; Vol. 25, No. 1, 038

According to the World Health Organization, overweight and obesity affected 1.9 billion people worldwide in the year 2016. Changes in civilization, lifestyle and eating habits have become the main causes of obesity, which is associated with the occurrence of diseases, such as hypertension, ischemic heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Every change of diet and lifestyle should be individual. However, monitoring of energy provided with food combined with a moderate increase in protein intake may be an effective strategy for weight reduction, since protein influences metabolism and satiety. Studies on the prevention and treatment of obesity have shown that a diet with an increased protein content can affect metabolism and thus play an important role in regulating body weight, and create favorable conditions for maintaining adequate body weight after initial body weight reduction. A moderate increase in the protein supply into the diet and controlled supply of kilocalories, together with physical activity, can facilitate weight reduction.

Key words: protein, obesity, body weight, nutrients