SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.
Negative experiences in childhood, stress and self-injurious behavior and suicidal tendencies in people with borderline personality
Blasczyk-Schiep S., Jaworska-Andryszewska P.
School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Chair of Clinical Psychology and Rehabilitation, Wrocław, Poland
In the bordeline personality disorder (BPD) a large role ascribe to psychological and psychosocial factors. Studies have shown that more than 70% patients BPD reported experiencing traumatic events in childhood. These people compare with patients with other psychiatric disorders often report history of sexual abuse and experience of violence or neglect. Making self-harming can be a reaction to negative experiences in childhood. The findings are confirming that making self-harming is a frequent symptom of BPD and 70–75% patients show at least one act self-harming. Moreover a lowered tolerance level is characteristic of them to the stress and determined course learning dysfunctional patterns of behavior.
The aim of this study is to determine the childhood trauma such as sexual, psychological and physical abuse, emotional and physical neglect and to investigate their relation to stress, self-harming and suicidal behavior.
Material and methods. In study participated 41 persons with emotionally unstable borderline personality diagnosis. In the group was 32 women and 9 men in age 19–43. The Polish adaptation of standardized questionnaires was used to measure childhood trauma (CTQ), stress (SSI-K), self-injurious behavior (SHI) and suicidal tendencies (RFL-I).
Results. In patients with BPD the level of childhood trauma and stress are predictors of self-harming behavior and suicidal tendencies. The mediation analyze showed, that self-harming was an important mediator between sexual abuse and suicidal tendencies. The high stress is the next mediator between sexual abuse and the level of self-harming behavior.
Conclusions. A high level of childhood trauma correlates positively with stress, self-harming and suicidal behavior in patients with BPD.
Key words: borderline personality disorder, childhood abuse, selfinjurious, suicidal behaviour
Pol. Merk. Lek., 2014, XXXVI, 216, 389