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Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2020, XXVI/2: 077-083 Maximize

Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2020, XXVI/2: 077-083

Title: Analysis of knowledge about antibiotics applied in respiratory tract infections in the Polish population 

Authors: Płusa T, Gańko T, Jamróz M, Kiecana A, Kołodziej J. 

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04-02-2020

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN ENGLISH.

Analysis of knowledge about antibiotics applied in respiratory tract infections in the Polish population

Płusa T, Gańko T, Jamróz M, Kiecana A, Kołodziej J.

Medical Faculty of Lazarski University in Warsaw

International Review of Medical Practice, 2020; Vol. 26, No. 2, 077

The growing bacterial resistance to administered antibiotics is becoming a significant problem on a global scale. The knowledge about antibiotics should be publicly disclosed, and especially carefully enforced by medical staff.
The aim of study
was to analyze the basic knowledge of antibiotics in the selected groups – medical and other faculty students as well as those working in various professions. In addition, the study assessed the correctness of medical treatment that would justify the use of an antibiotic.
Material and methods
. The study group comprised 252 people included 40.48% men (n=102) and 59.52% women (n=150), divided into 3 groups: medical students (n=55), students of other than medical faculties (n=122) and employed and retired (n=75). All study participants completed a survey that included questions about antibiotic knowledge, information about whether the patient was examined before the antibiotic therapy, and whether the subject uses over the counter (OTC) medicines. The Probit model (also known as the Normit model) was used for qualitative response regression models (Wooldridge, 2012).
Results
. Most of the sample participants had a secondary education (79.8% out of 201 participants) and 50 people received a higher education (19.8% of the total sample). Only 3.17% of the respondents have never taken antibiotics. Most respondents unanimously indicated the antibacterial effect of the antibiotic. Cephalosporins (69.86%) and macrolides (17.81%) were the most frequently used, which indicates that the antibiotic applications were based on current recommendations. The differences between the groups were not statistically significant. Despite a full understanding of the importance of antibiotic treatment, as many as 19.05% of respondents used OTC drugs due to the common cold.
Conclusions
. Explaining the necessity of administering an antibiotic to a patient and justifying its choice, recommending the correct dosage, and taking into account the information about the antibiotic and other medications have been confirmed a common rule. Anyway, almost 1/5 of the respondents use OTC preparations and undertake the treatment themselves.

Key words: antibiotics, knowledge, choice, information, OTC