International Review of Medical Practice, 2020, XXVI/4: 171-174 Maximize

International Review of Medical Practice, 2020, XXVI/4: 171-174

Title: Analysis of knowledge about oral allergy syndrome in the community of Polish allergy sufferers

Authors: Cuprian D, Dżugaj N, Łątka F, Gomułka K. 

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Analysis of knowledge about oral allergy syndrome in the community of Polish allergy sufferers

Cuprian D1, Dżugaj N1, Łątka F1, Gomułka K2.

1Student’s Research Group; 2Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Pneumology and Allergology, Medical University of Wroclaw, Poland

International Review of Medical Practice, 2020; Vol. 26, No. 4, 171

Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) is an often underestimated problem that can affect patients allergic to inhaled allergens. As a result of cross-reactions of airborne allergens with allergens contained in food, susceptible individuals may develop symptoms of OAS, including anaphylactic shock.
The aim of the study
was to investigate the knowledge of oral allergy syndrome among allergy sufferers (not professionally related to the medical community) and verification of communication between the doctor and the patient on this topic.
Material and methods
. The analysis was made on the basis of the original survey conducted in the period from August to October 2020. 316 respondents (including 52 men) from Poland, with an average age of 31, participated in the study. The questionnaire consisted of 9 questions.
. Only a small percentage of the respondents (5%) declared that the doctor mentioned something to them about the pollensyndrome. Despite this, almost half (47%) of respondents in this group are not able to identify a single allergen that cross-reacts with the allergens which they are allergic to. Among the people who marked allergens cross-reacting with pollen allergens that sensitize them, as many as 83% did it wrongly. The group of people to whom the doctor has never explained or mentioned the pollenfood syndrome includes 83% of respondents.
. The results of the survey indicate that the knowledge about oral allergy syndrome among allergic patients is insufficient and requires more extensive education of allergy sufferers by doctors (not only allergists) on this topic. Doctors should pay attention to the clinical picture of the disease, recommend selfobservation of symptoms to patients, indicate specific pairs of cross-allergens, and propose the elimination of those food products after consumption of which symptoms suggesting OAS appear. General practitioners play an important role here due to their frequent contact with patients.

Key words: oral allergy syndrome, cross-reacting allergens, pollen allergy, food allergy