Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2013, XXXV/209: 287-291 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2013, XXXV/209: 287-291

Title: Modern threats and burden of respiratory system diseases in Poland

Authors: Płusa T.

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Modern threats and burden of respiratory system diseases in Poland

Płusa T.

Military Medical Institute in Warsaw, Poland, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of National Defense, Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonology and Allergology

Polish population according to the National Census of Population and Housing, which was conducted in 2011, was 38 511.8 thousand. The average life expectancy in Poland is 71.0 years for men and 79.7 years for women. The reason for hospitalization in Poland are primarily cardiovascular disease (18%), tumors (11.4%), digestive diseases (10.6%), respiratory (9.3%), trauma (9.1%), infectious diseases (2.3%) and others (39%). Mortality rates determined on the basis of the analyzes and simulations in different disease groups indicates that the predominant causes of death of Polish citizens are strongly cardiovascular disease and cancer. Respiratory diseases occupy fourth place. World analyses clearly show that the number of deaths in 2030 due to lung diseases will be the fourth (COPD), fifth (pneumonia) and sixth (lung cancer) cause of death. As it turns out, the existence of various pathologies affecting the country’s economic status. Respiratory allergies are observed more often, including in approximately 20% of Europeans are symptoms of allergic rhinitis (15–20% severe) and in 5–11% are diagnosed with asthma. Malignant tumors are the second most common causes of death in the group with the highest risk of life for the residents of Polish, particularly for men, is lung cancer, because of which in 2001, 20 570 people died. Incurred costs of the social security system are mainly caused by inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system, which corresponds to the number of days of sick leave, especially in the age group 19–28 years, with a decrease in the age group above 59 years of age. Numbers hospitalized for respiratory diseases according to data from the National Health Fund also clearly indicate the cause of inflammation and cancer, and in the population aged 41–60 years, the need for hospital treatment is multiplied. The data indicate the constant threat of respiratory diseases.

Key words: lung cancer, asthma, COPD, hospitalizations, mortality, benefits

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2013, XXXV, 209, 287