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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVI/215: 316-319 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVI/215: 316-319

Title: Correlations between ROTEM fibrinolytic activity and t-PA, PAI-1 levels in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma

Authors: Misiewicz M., Robak M., Chojnowski K., Treliński J.

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Correlations between ROTEM fibrinolytic activity and t-PA, PAI-1 levels in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma


Misiewicz M., Robak M., Chojnowski K., Treliński J.

Medical University of Łódź, Poland, Department of Hematology

Multiple myeloma (MM) is associated with the increased risk of thrombosis. Hypofibrinolysis is among the various identified abnormalities in the hemostasis system that may cause a prothrombotic state.
The aim
of the study was intended to evaluate the association between certain rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) parameters with tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels and myeloma proteins in patients with MM and in controls.
Material and methods
. The study included 21 patients with MM at the time of diagnosis and 15 healthy volunteers. Maximum clot lysis (ML), clot lysis index at 30, 45 and 60 minutes (LI 30, LI 45, LI 60 respectively), t-PA and PAI-1 activity were among the parameters studied. Results. According to the FIBTEM test, ML readings were markedly lower (1% v. 3 %, p=0.04) while LI 45, LI60 parameters were significantly higher (p=0.01 and p=0.04) in MM group than in controls. Also median, MCF readings (22 mm v. 16 mm, p=0.01) and α-angle values (80° v. 74°, p=0.002) were significantly higher in MM according to the FIBTEM assay. Statistically significant higher median values of PAI-1 levels were observed in the MM group than in controls. In MM patients correlations between PAI-1 a LI 45-FIBTEM (r = - 0.65) and between t-PA a LI60- EXTEM (r= 0.45) were discovered. In MM IgG group correlation between IgG protein concentration and MCFFIBTEM (r = 0.62) was shown.
Conclusions
. Changes in ROTEM parameters and PAI-1 levels which may indicate a hypofibrinolytic state were found to occur in patients with MM at the time of diagnosis. There are correlations between t-PA, PAI-1 and some ROTEM parameters.

Key words: fibrinolysis, multiple myeloma, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, rotational thromboelastometry, tissue plasminogen activator

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2014, XXXVI, 215, 316