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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVI/215: 330-335 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVI/215: 330-335

Title: The use of Saunders lumbar traction in physiotherapy of patients with chronic lower back pain

Authors: Pingot J., Pingot M., Łabęcka M., Woldańska-Okońska M.

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

The use of Saunders lumbar traction in physiotherapy of patients with chronic lower back pain

Pingot J.1,3, Pingot M.1,3, Łabęcka M.1,3, Woldańska-Okońska M.1,2

1Department of Therapeutic Pedagogy of the Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, PiotrkówTrybunalski Branch; 2Department of Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Division of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Military Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Poland; 3Rehabilitation Centre in Piotrków Trybunalski

Pain of the lower back is one of the most common ailments in modern society. Such frequent occurrence of back pain syndromes is a serious medical and social problem. Despite numerous attempts, there have not been comprehensive or decisive publications on the therapeutic standard for back pain syndromes that would cover all the aspects of the ailment. Partial report can change the attitude and shed new light on the treatment of these syndromes.
The aim
of this study was to evaluate the use of Saunders lumbar tractions in patients with chronic lower back pain in comparison with the group of patients undergoing pharmacological treatment.
Material and methods
. The study included 140 patients with chronic lower back pain who were divided into two groups. Each group consisted of 70 persons of mixed gender (the age mean value was 45). Group I were treated with the use of Sauders lumbar traction and Group II (control group) were treated pharmacologically. The following scales were used to assess pain and mobility of the lumbar part of the vertebral column (before treatment, in-treatment, right after treatment and 30 days after treatment): Laitinen, VAS, Rolland- Morris questionnaire and Schober functional test. The statistical analysis was performed with Greenhouse-Geisser test of withinsubjects effects.
Results
. In both the groups, a significant analgesic action and an improvement to spinal mobility were observed. Significantly better results were obtained in Group I where the patients had been treated with the use of Saunders lumbar traction.
Conclusions
. The pharmacological treatment applied in Group II showed an analgesic action and influenced positively the functional parameters of the patients. The effects, however, were much worse than in Group 1 where axial Saunders traction was applied to the lumbar part of the vertebral column.

Key words: lower back pain syndrome, Saunders lumbar traction, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2014, XXXVI, 215, 330