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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2013, XXXIV/202: 205-209 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2013, XXXIV/202: 205-209

Title: Evaluation of the arterial blood flow parameters in the eye of myopic patients

Authors: Mrugacz M., Bryl A.

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06/202

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Evaluation of the arterial blood flow parameters in the eye of myopic patients


Mrugacz M., Bryl A. Medical University of Białystok

Myopia is a common refractive defect. Has a good vision from near and deterioration of vision with increasing distance. The main reason for its occurrence is too long axis of the eyeball. The consequence of elongation of the eyeball is the development of degenerative changes in the retina. Despite much research has failed to clearly identify the causes of degenerative changes in those short-sighted.
The aim of the study
was to evaluate the maximum and minimum speed in arterial blood vessels of the eye in people with myopia.
Material and Methods
. The study included 70 patients (138 eyes), 53 women and 17 men, aged from 18 to 79 years, with myopia of –0.25 to –18.0 Dsph and length of the eyeball from 22.61 to 33.36 mm. Depending on the kind and the degree of the progress of degenerative changes, patients were divided in 4 groups: I – without degenerative changes on the fundus (n=32; K-23, M-9);. II – with the short-sighted sickle (n=20; K-14, M-6); III - with the structure thinned down of the retina, accompanying the short-sighted sickle (n = 8; K-6, M-2); IV – with extensive choroidal-retina disappearances in the fundus (n = 10; K-7, M-3). In all individuals enrolled underwent Color Doppler ultrasound with apparatus SSA 770A Toshiba Aplio with linear probe frequency 12 MHz, judging maximum (Vmax) and minimum (Vmin) speed in the arteries of the eye: ophthalmic artery (OA), central retinal artery (CRA) and short posterior ciliary arteries (SPCA) located on the nasal and temporal side of the optic disc. The results were statistically analyzed.
Results
. No statistically significant relationship between the nature of degenerative changes of the eye, and blood velocity in the OA. There was a increase in Vmax and Vmin blood in OA in Group IV, but these changes were not statistically significant. Statistically significant correlation was observed while in the CRA. With a decrease in Vmax and Vmin of blood flowing through a vessel exacerbation of retinal degeneration. Vmax and Vmin changes in the blood did not correlate significantly SPCA with retinal degeneration, although the results were much worse in the temporal vessels.
Conclusions
. With the deterioration of blood flow parameters of the central retinal artery and short posterior ciliary arteries comes to the severity of the retinal degeneration in myopic patients. More severe impairment of blood circulation in the temporal ciliary explain higher incidence of degenerative changes in the temporal side of the optic disc.

Key words: blood flow, myopia, degenerative changes of the fundus, CD – ultrasonography

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2013, XXXIV, 202, 205