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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVII/219: 159-162 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVII/219: 159-162

Title: Temperament and character traits measured by Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) by Cloninger in patients with ischemic heart disease

Authors: Stetkiewicz-Lewandowicz A., Borkowska A., Sobów T.

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Temperament and character traits measured by Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) by Cloninger in patients with ischemic heart disease


Stetkiewicz-Lewandowicz A.1, Borkowska A.2, Sobów T.1

1Department of Medical Psychology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland; 2Department of Clinical Neuropsychology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is one of the main causes of death and disability worldwide. This situation stimulates research of its ethiopathogenesis. The role of psychosocial factors like depression, stress is underlined. Also personality traits play an important role in this process.
The aim of study
was to assess temperament and character traits in a group of patients with IHD.
Material and methods
. Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used to determine temperament and character dimensions. Temperament traits: harm avoidance (HA), reward dependence (RD), novelty seeking (NS), persistence (P), character traits: cooperativeness (C), self-directedness (SD), self-transcendence (ST). Each of these traits has a varying number of subscales. The dimensions are determined from a 240-item questionnaire.
Results
. Patients with IHD obtained higher scores in HA dimension of the TCI questionnaire. The study group achieved lower score in a subscale of NS called extravagance (NS3), and higher score of C dimension called compassion (C4).
Conclusion
. The intensity of temperament and character traits are different in a group of patients with IHD in comparison with the control group especially in dimensions of HA, NS3 and C4. Variables that differentiated the study group were also sex, age and years of education.

Key words: ischemic heart disease, Temperament and Character Inventory by Cloninger, temperament, character, personality

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2014, XXXVII, 219, 159