Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2012, XXXIII/198: 309-312 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2012, XXXIII/198: 309-312

Title: Health care financing models

Authors: Giermaziak W., Kamiński J.

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Health care financing models

Giermaziak W., Kamiński J.

Ministry of Health, Departament of Medicines and Pharmacy Politics

The functioning of health care depends mainly on the level and method of financing. Countries choose between different models. Bismarck’s model is financing based mainly on the contributions that are obligatory for employers and employees, decentralized model of managing and contracting services. Beveridge’s model is financed mostly from the government taxes, it allows contributing to the cost of benefits for patients and participation by private sector. Residual model is based on the optional and private health insurances, supplemented only by National Health Service. Siemaszko’s model in his assumption is based on the financing of benefits by the state budget, provides permanent control of the state and equal access to all the benefits for citizens. Choice of a specific financing model entails certain impact on all of the system’s participants. The purpose of this article is to introduce subject of health care financing based on the literature and the authors’ own thoughts.

Key words: health care financing system, health care, health care financing

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2012, XXXIII, 198, 309