Newsletter

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2012, XXXIII/198: 317-321 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2012, XXXIII/198: 317-321

Title: Difficulties in the diagnosis of the first symptoms of brain tumors prehospital delay diagnosis

Authors: Kowalska M., Nagańska E., Fiszer U.

More details

03/198

40,00 zł

SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Difficulties in the diagnosis of the first symptoms of brain tumors prehospital delay diagnosis


Kowalska M., Nagańska E., Fiszer U.

Department of Neurology and Epileptology, The Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education, Independent Public Clinical Hospital in Warsaw, Poland

The nervous system tumors pose a current challenge to modern medicine. Diagnosis, established at an early stage of tumor development, increases the chance of the use of radical therapeutic methods, which is associated with better prognosis. The preferred method of treatment of brain tumors is the surgical treatment. Success of this therapy depends on the possibility of the radical removal of neoplastic tissue.
The aim of the study
was to evaluate the type and duration of clinical symptoms, which were the cause for hospitalization, prehospital diagnostics and possibilities of the use the methods of treatment giving the chance for cure at the time of diagnosis of the neoplastic process within central nervous system.
Material and methods
. A retrospective analysis of medical records of 56 patients, hospitalized in 2009–2010 at the Department of Neurology and Epileptology, The Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education in Warsaw. The basis for the diagnosis were the results of two-phase neuroimaging studies. The whole results were analyzed statistically to looking for a correlation between the duration of symptoms prior to hospitalization, their nature and the proposed treatment.
Results
. Draws attention to the young age of analyzed patients (mean age 67 years). The most common symptoms were disturbances of consciousness or behavioral changes (37% patients), limb weakness and sensory disturbances (37%) and speech disorders (30%). Other, commonly reported nonspecific symptoms were: somnolence, deterioration of everyday functioning, fatigue and malaise. In the group of the 56 patients with confirmed tumor, 14 (25%) were urgently admitted to our Department, 13 (23%) arrived first to the general practitioner practice. Unfortunately, 29 (52%) out of 56 patients did not arrived to the outpatient physician, despite the first discomfort feelings. They got at a later time directly to the hospital emergency room. In most cases the proposed treatment was neurosurgical operation (n=19, 35%), whereas radiotherapy was suggested to 4 patients (8%), and palliative treatment in the form of radiation therapy to the whole area of the brain (n=11, 20%) and of the spine (n=1) to 12 people. We did not find a statistically significant correlation in our study.
Conclusions
. Nonspecific symptoms that may be the only manifestation of proliferative disease within the central nervous system, should attract particular oncology attention, otherwise the diagnosis may be delayed. Advancement of the disease at the moment of establishment of the diagnosis does not allow for the use of causal treatment.

Key words: brain tumor, neurological symptoms, prehospital diagnostics

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2012, XXXIII, 198, 317