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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2012, XXXIII/198: 330-333 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2012, XXXIII/198: 330-333

Title: Assessment of mental status at the drivers of the vehicles after using alcohol or drunk driving

Authors: Makara-Studzińska M., Latała-Łoś E.

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Assessment of mental status at the drivers of the vehicles after using alcohol or drunk driving


Makara-Studzińska M.1, Latała-Łoś E.2

1Medical University of Lublin Laboratory of Mental Health; 2Regional Center of Occupational Medicine in Kielce, Poland

Alcohol changes the behavior and works toward making behavior carrying a risk, such as driving in the state of intoxication, work at height, using machines requiring full medical fitness, breach of security at work.
The aim of the study
was to present a preliminary assessment of the mental state of drivers by gender, to driving under the influence of alcohol or in a state of intoxication, who volunteered for the study to the Regional Occupational Health Centre in Kielce and psychological analysis of the type of decisions which the driver received after the testing.
Material and methods
. 526 papers were assessed psychological examination of drivers surveyed in 2004, 2007 and 2010 who received a positive psychological judgment of the scheduled date of follow-up examination or negative. In 2012, an additional random sample of 50 drivers who ran a vehicle under the influence of alcohol were assessed using the general health Questionnaire (GHQ-The General Health Questionnaires) David Goldberg.
Results
. Of the 526 drivers surveyed 3774 due to mental disorders received a favorable ruling or negative term. Psychological judgments of 526 400 were issued to the timing of follow-up examination and negative 126th. The 320 drivers had alcohol dependence syndrome. That 155 was referred to the outpatient alcohol treatment centers facilities located near their place of residence. Only 3 drivers in Group 50 evaluated using a questionnaire GHQ had symptoms of depression.
Conclusions
. An important reason for inability to drive are the irregularities observed in psychological tests. In 35% are impaired motor skills, 23% personality disorder, 20% of changes in tests assessing intelligence and memory. There was no significant relationship (p = 0.5583) between gender and the concentration of GGT in the category of normal.

Key words: driving, alcohol, psychological tests

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2012, XXXIII, 198, 330