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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVII/218: 104-107 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVII/218: 104-107

Title: Ascending aorta aneurysm as a cause of superior vena cava syndrome

/ Authors: Pabisiak K., Serdyńska M., Kaliszczak R., Dutkiewicz G.

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Ascending aorta aneurysm as a cause of superior vena cava syndrome


Pabisiak K.1, Serdyńska M.1, Kaliszczak R.2, Dutkiewicz G.1

Pomeranian Medical University of Szczecin, Poland: 1Department of Transplantation Nephrology and Internal Medicine; 2Department of Cardiology

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is mostly presented in advanced stage of lung cancer. Similar symptoms may misdirect correct diagnosis, especially in nonmalignant cases of SVCS. In the fifties of the 20th century, mediastinitis caused by tuberculosis and syphilis were dominant causes of non-malignant SVCS. Currently, non-cancer causes of SVCS are responsible for 5% to 22% of all SVCS cases. In most cases inner obliteration of the vessel is a result of thrombosis at the site of endothelial injury caused by either intravascular devices (catheters, electrodes). Clinical signs are nonspecific particularly in acute course of syndrome. We present a case of a men with edema of the lower part of the head and neck, as a pseudo allergic acute reaction, where eventually diagnosis of acute superior vena cava syndrome due to ascending aorta aneurysm was established. Based on the case, review of nonmalignant causes of SVCS and treatment options are discussed.

Key words: angioedema, superior vena cava syndrome, ascending aorta aneurysm

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2014, XXXVII, 218, 104