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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXVIII/223: 005-010 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXVIII/223: 005-010

Title: Point mutations of genes encoding proteins involvedin RNA splicing in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes

Authors: Barańska M, Czerwińska-Rybak J, Gil L, Komarnicki M.

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Point mutations of genes encoding proteins involvedin RNA splicing in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes


Barańska M, Czerwińska-Rybak J, Gil L, Komarnicki M.

Chair and Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantology, Medical University of Poznań, Poland

The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) constitute heterogeneous group of clonal disorders, characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, peripheral cytopenia and increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia development. Molecular mechanisms behind MDS have not been fully explained, however recent studies based on new technologies confirmed that epigenetic abnormalities and somatic mutation in the spliceasome machinery are crucial in pathogenesis of these diseases. Abnormal mRNA splicing (excision of intronic sequences from mRNA) has been found in over half of all MDS patients and resulted in accumulation of cytogenetical and molecular changes. The biological impact of splicing factor genes mutations has been evaluated only in a limited extend and current studies concentrate on analysis of MDS transcriptome. Molecular characteristic of classical and alternative splicing is presented in the paper, according to current knowledge. We review the most prominent findings from recent years concerning mutation in the spliceasome machinery with respect to MDS phenotype and disease prognosis. Perspectives in applying of novel diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities for myelodysplasia, based on spliceosome mutations identification are also presented.

Key words: myelodysplastic syndrome, splicing, point mutations

Pol Med J, 2015; XXXVIII (223); 5–10