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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXVIII/224: 077-081 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXVIII/224: 077-081

Title: Evaluation of the effectiveness of methods of endoscopic treatment of bleeding from the duodenal mucosa

Authors: Frątczak A, Kujawski K, Gluba-Brzózka A, Rysz J

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN ENGLISH.

Evaluation of the effectiveness of methods of endoscopic treatment of bleeding from the duodenal mucosa


Frątczak A1, Kujawski K1,2, Gluba-Brzózka A1, Rysz J1.

WAM University Hospital, Medical University of Lodz, Poland: 1Department of Nephrology, Hypertension and Family Medicine; 2Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Laboratory

Bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract, despite the prevalence of endoscopic examinations and endoscopic methods of bleeding control, remains a significant problem. Available data indicate nondecreasing mortality of patients with active bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract although it is commonly known that such patients require fast endoscopic diagnosis and urgent treatment. Currently, the choice of method of endoscopic treatment of bleeding depends mostly on its availability and the decision of the physician performing the procedure.
The aim of the study
was to evaluate the efficacy of different techniques of endoscopic hemostasis from the duodenum, mainly the comparison of monotherapy with the use of at least two techniques of endoscopic treatment of bleeding used simultaneously.
Materials and methods
. This paper presents a retrospective analysis of medical records of 78 patients (27 women, 51 men; 33 of them were over 65 years), hospitalized in the Department of Nephrology, Hypertension and Family Medicine between 2009 and 2012. In all these patients, active bleeding from the duodenum was observed during endoscopy performed because of clinical signs of gastrointestinal bleeding, and the following methods of blood flow stemming were applied: injection with a solution of adrenaline alone or in combination with placement of clips.
Results
. The use of haemostatic clips alone or in a combination with injections of adrenaline around the bleeding site was demonstrated to be the most effective method of endoscopic control of bleeding from the duodenum. Injections of epinephrine around the bleeding site as monotherapy turned out to be the least effective method.
Conclusions
. The most effective method of endoscopic control of bleeding from duodenal ulcers is the use of hemostatic clips alone or preceded by adrenaline injections, while the use of injections of adrenaline around the bleeding vessel was the least effective method.

Key words: bleeding, duodenum, adrenaline, clip placement

Pol Med J, 2015; XXXVIII (224); 77–81