Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXIX/233: 287-291 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXIX/233: 287-291

Title: Emotional and psychosomatic disorder among female patients undergoing breast cancer diagnosis

Authors: Strójwąs K, Florkowski A, Jeżowska-Smorąg I, Gądek I, Zboralski K, Macander M, Przybyszewska M, Wierzbiński P.  

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Emotional and psychosomatic disorder among female patients undergoing breast cancer diagnosis

Strójwąs K1, Florkowski A2, Jeżowska-Smorąg I3, Gądek I2, Zboralski K4, Macander M5, Przybyszewska M6, Wierzbiński P7.

1Out-patients Clinic of Chest Diseases, District Hospital in Kluczbork; 2Institute of Nursing, Podhalan State School in Nowy Targ; 3Angelini Pharma Poland in Warsaw; 4Department of Adult Psychiatry, Medical University of Lodz; 5Military Institute of Aviation Medicine in Warsaw; 6Department of Psychiatry, 10th Military Hospital in Bydgoszcz; 7Specialistic Medical Clinic MEDSALVER in Lodz

Basics of psychoneuroimmunology indicate factors such as emotions, behaviour, personality and cognitive functions to have impact on weakening of immunological system and worsening the risk to develop medical conditions, including breast cancer.
The aim of research
was to attempt a scoping of emotional and psychosomatic disorders among women undergoing breast tumor diagnostic process.
Material and methods
. 145 female patients were included in the the research, among which 99 belonged to the research group (RG) and 46 belonged to the control group (CG). The average age in GB 49, 67 (± 9,47) i GK 46,43 (± 11,2). The research group members were undergoing diagnosis proces for suspected breast cancer. The subjects filled out a survey and Symptom Questionnaire S-II, and were subject to mammographic and ultrasound examination, as well as aspiration biopsy was performed on them. 99 individual subjects were positively diagnosed with breast cancer, and 46 were negatively diagnosed.
. One in three women belonging to RG displayed emotional disorders. In CG only one in ten displayed symptoms of such disorders. Anxiety was the most common disorder mentioned by both RG and CG. There is however statistically relevant difference in anxiety intensity between the two groups. A statistically relevant corelation has been observed among members of the research group between certain psychosomatic disroders and a number of sociodemographic and medical variables' levels.
. Stress-related and formed psychophysiological and psychosomatic reactions are likely to play the role of psychosomatic and emotional factors leading to breast cancer development.

Key words: brast cancer, psychosomatic, emotional factors

Pol Merkur Lekarski, 2015; XXXIX (233); 287–291