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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXIX/233: 292-296 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXIX/233: 292-296

Title: The level of nutrition knowledge versus dietary habits of diabetes patients treated with insulin 

Authors: Hołyńska A, Kucharska A, Sińska B, Panczyk M. 

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

The level of nutrition knowledge versus dietary habits of diabetes patients treated with insulin


Hołyńska A1, Kucharska A1, Sińska B1, Panczyk M2.

Faculty of Health Science, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland: 1Department of Human Nutrition; 2Division of Teaching and Outcomes of Education

Diabetes is one of the fastest spreading XXI century diseases. One of the most important element of diabetes therapy should constitute dietary treatment resulting from thorough nutritional knowledge.
The aim of study
was to investigate the connection between the level of knowledge and way of feeding among patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes treated with insulin.
Material and methods
. The research was conducted among 105 patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes treated with insulin. Knowledge level was assessed in accordance with author's questionnaire, way of feeding in accordance with 24 hour nutritional interview. Dieta 5 and Statistica 10 has been used to carry out data analysis.
Results
. The largest correctness has been demonstrated in the question about the carbohydrate content in food (60%), the lowest correctness while carbohydrate exchanges knowledge has been checked (12%). Generally, patients demonstrated medium knowledge level (41% correct answers). Good level of knowledge (>50% corrects answers) has been represented by 26%, medium level of knowledge (30-50% corrects answers) by 49%, low level of knowledge (<30% correct answers) by 25% of responders. Knowledge assessment has shown too high percentage of energy from carbohydrates and saturated fatty acids and too high consumption of cholesterol and sodium. Moreover dietary fiber and polyunsaturated fatty acids shortage has been observed in analyzing diets. Interdependence between knowledge level and way of feeding has not been found (exception: lower percentage of energy from fat in patient's with medium level of knowledge diets).
Conclusions
. Improper way of feeding and low level of knowledge can constitute a obstacle to achieve optimal treatment results.

Key words: diabetes, knowledge level, nutrition

Pol Med J, 2015; XXXIX (233); 292–296