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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XLI/242: 084-089 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XLI/242: 084-089

Title: The prevalence of chronic diseases and geriatric problems – a comparison of nursing home residents in the skilled and nonskilled long-term care facilities in Poland 

Authors: Kijowska V, Wilga M, Szczerbińska K. 

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

The prevalence of chronic diseases and geriatric problems – a comparison of nursing home residents in the skilled and nonskilled long-term care facilities in Poland


Kijowska V, Wilga M, Szczerbińska K.

Jagiellonian University Medical College, Chair Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Department of Sociology of Medicine, Krakow

In Poland long-term care services are provided by skilled care and treatment facilities (ZOL) and nursing and care facilities (ZPO) both functioning within the health sector as well as by non-skilled nursing homes (DPS) situated in social care sector. Determinants of medical and nursing care provided by both sectors vary considerably in terms of organization (availability) and economic issues (costs of care).
The aim of the study
is to compare characteristics of residents in two types of long term care facilities (LTCFs) in Poland with a special focus on geriatric issues.
Material and methods
. The study sample comprised of 387 ZOL residents and 352 DPS residents living in 7 settings. Data was collected for 6 years period (2007-2013) using InterRAI-LTCF questionnaire. The data analysis was done with application of a Mann-Whitney U test, chisquare test and Fisher’s exact test and using IBM SPSS Statistics 22.
Results
. The DPS residents were significantly older than ZOL residents. Predominance of women (68,8%) in both LTCF types was observed. DPS residents significantly more often suffered from internal diseases: COPD (13,6% vs. 4,1%), overweight and obesity (56,1% vs. 34,9%), inflammatory polyarthropathies (4,0% vs. 0,8%), dorsopathies (8,9% vs. 1,3%), osteoporosis (7,1% vs. 1,6%), diseases of the digestive system (11,7% vs. 5,7%) and hyperplasia of prostate (4,3% vs. 0,5%). Among the residents living in ZOL more frequently were observed: significant cognitive impairment and impaired ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL), as well as significantly higher prevalence of neurological diseases (stroke 31,0% vs. 9,1%) and neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer’s disease or dementia in 53,0% vs. 28,4%), hip fracture (8,5% vs. 2,0%) and geriatric problems (i.e. pressure ulcers 12,2% vs. 4,2%, bladder incontinence 89,9% vs. 39,6%, bowel incontinence 83,9% vs. 26,1%, and underweight BMI<18,5 kg/m2 in 17,2% vs. 2,8%).
Conclusions
. Significant differences between the ZOL and DPS residents in functional status and prevalence of diseases were observed. The results indicate considerable differences among the residents of different types of LTCFs, which should suggest physicians to adjust diagnostic and therapeutic approach in respect to those differences.

Key words: long-term care, nursing home, residential home, chronic diseases, geriatric problems, functional status

Pol Med J, 2016; XLI (242); 84–89