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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XLI/242: 107-110 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XLI/242: 107-110

Title: Cervical dystonia treatment with botulin toxin 

Author: Tomczykiewicz K. 

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Cervical dystonia treatment with botulin toxin

Tomczykiewicz K.

Department of Neurology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of National Defence, Military Institute of Medicine in Warsaw, Poland

Cervical dystonia is the most common form of dystonia in adult age. It is characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that cause abnormal movements and positioning of the head and neck. Symptoms of it are often associated with pain. This distinguishes this form from other dystonia. The drug of choice is botulinum toxin. It effectively reduces both pain and abnormal excessive muscle activity. In some cases, particularly where there is not obtained the full recovery after treatment botulinum toxin we used drugs for systemic effect. To increase the effectiveness and reduce the side effects of botulinum toxin more commonly we used administration of toxin under the EMG and ultrasound control.

Key words: cervical dystonia, botulinum toxin, EMG and ultrasound control

Pol Med J, 2016; XLI (242); 107–110