Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2018, XLIV/260: 064-067 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2018, XLIV/260: 064-067

Title: Abscesses in the lumbo-sacral spine area – a case report 

Authors: Baranowska A, Baranowski P, Płusa T. 

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Abscesses in the lumbo-sacral spine area – a case report

Baranowska A1, Baranowski P1, Płusa T1,2.

1Mazovian Center of Rehabilitation „STOCER”, Konstancin-Jeziorna, Poland; 2Medical Phaculty Łazarski University, Warsaw, Poland

Infection of the surgical operation site is found in approximately 3% of patients and 20% of patients undergoing urgent surgery. The occurrence of this type of complications is affected both by coexisting diseases and the presence of infection in the environment in which the patient is staying. It should also be taken into account that the bacteria found in the implanted material and surrounding tissues have the ability to adhere to the implant, creating a biofilm structure there. The presented patient is an illustration of such a problem, because after L5 laminectomy and extensive L2-L3 and L3-L4 one-sided fenestration and L2-L3-L4-L5 facetectomy, interbody bone arthrodesis and transpedicular stabilization, he reported for fever and pain in right lumbar area. In the patient, the presence of inflammatory infiltrate in the lumbar region of the lumbar tissues was found in imaging studies, with fluid reservoirs that surrounded pedicle screws and spinous processes, as well as abscesses and inflammatory changes in the spinal canal at the L4-L5 level. Empirical antibiotic therapy was ordered and decision about surgical treatment was made. A large amount of purulent and odorous secretion was evacuated at the site of previously performed laminectomy. In the postoperative period, targeted antibiotic therapy was applied based on the culture result obtained from the surgical site. The culture showed Staphylococcus aureus MSSA (methicillin-susceptible S. aureus) which was sensitive to the majority of antibiotics tested. The low effectiveness of this treatment caused the necessity to broaden the research, blood culture revealed Turicella otitidis, which was sensitive to gentamycin, vancomycin, linezolid and rifampicin. The applied rifampicin caused improvement of the patient’s condition and the possibility of starting motor rehabilitation. The described case indicates real difficulties in the treatment of post-operative infections, despite invasive procedures and antibiotic therapy.

Key words: abscesses in the spinal canal, antibiotic therapy

Pol Med J, 2018; XLIV (260); 64–67