Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2018, XLIV/260: 071-074 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2018, XLIV/260: 071-074

Title: Cardiovascular disease and trans fatty acids: legal act necessary 

Authors: Wilczek MM, Olszewski R, Krupienicz A. 

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Cardiovascular disease and trans fatty acids: legal act necessary

Wilczek MM1, Olszewski R2, Krupienicz A3.

1Student of Medical Faculty, Medical University of Poznan, Poland; 2Department of Ultrasound, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland; 3Department of Basic Nursing, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland

Hydrogenated oils containing trans fatty acids (TFA) are used to produce margarine and various processed foods. TFA affect serum lipid levels, fatty acids metabolism, and endothelial function. High TFA intake is linked to increased all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. Denmark was first to introduce law that limited TFA content in food; this action led to lower CVD mortality. Seven European countries have followed this practice until now, in a few others the food industry voluntarily reduced TFA use. The issue remains unaddressed in Poland. Legal TFA limit should be established, as it is the optimal solution considering both CVD prevention and the associated cost savings in public healthcare.

Key words: trans fatty acids; cardiovascular disease; nutrition policy; Poland

Pol Med J, 2018; XLIV (260); 71–74