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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2019, XLVII/277: 035-039 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2019, XLVII/277: 035-039

Title: The effect of selected vitamins, minarals and antioxidants on age-related macular degeneration 

Authors: Okręglicka K, Skwierczyńska Ż, Wiśniewska K, Kozłowska A, Jagielska A, Nitsch-Osuch A. 

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

The effect of selected vitamins, minarals and antioxidants on age-related macular degeneration


Okręglicka K1, Skwierczyńska Ż2, Wiśniewska K3, Kozłowska A1, Jagielska A1, Nitsch-Osuch A1.

1Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland; 2Student Science Group of Hygiene and Prophylaxis in Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland; 3Institute of Food and Nutrition in Warsaw, Center for the Promotion of Healthy Nutrition and Physical Activity

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressively degenerative disease at the central area of the retina, which results in severe visual impairment. It is the leading cause of irreversible blindness among people aged over 65 in developed countries. Therapies that focus on prevention through optimization of modifiable risk factors such as diet and nutritional status are key approaches to reducing the burden of disease. An adequate diet, especially rich in antioxidant compounds, seems to play an important role in this case. Available scientific data suggest that vitamins A, E, C and carotenoids, in particular lutein and zeaxantine and some minerals, may play an important role in the prevention and / or delay of AMD. There are also new data on the importance of other ingredients such as flavonoids in the AMD development. In this work, based on the available data, the study reviews the relationship between the intake of selected antioxidant nutrients and age-related macular degeneration.

Key words: age-related macular degeneration, diet, supplements, lutein, zeaxantine, flavonoids

Pol Med J, 2019; XLVII (277); 35–39