International Review of Medical Practice, 2020, XXVI/1: 012-017 Maximize

International Review of Medical Practice, 2020, XXVI/1: 012-017

Title: Contemporary problem of asbestos threat 

Authors: Matkowska A, Płusa T. 

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Contemporary problem of asbestos threat

Matkowska A1, Płusa T2.

1Poviat Sanitary and Epidemiological Station in Piaseczno, Poland; 2Medical Faculty of Lazarski University of Warsaw, Poland

International Review of Medical Practice, 2020; Vol. 26, No. 1, 012

In Poland, the basis for health protection in the work environment is to define the values of the highest allowable concentrations or intensities of harmful agents. 819 substances and 5 technological processes were identified as carcinogenic or mutagenic. Asbestos, as a fibrous variety of about 150 minerals, has also been included on this list. It is characterized by high tensile strength and resistance to chemical and physical factors. The technical classification of asbestos was developed taking into account the length and diameter of the fiber bundles – from 100 mm to nanometers. There are proper asbestos (serpentine and amphibol) and asbestos-like minerals (sepiolite, fibrous talc, fibrous serpentinite). All inhaled into the respiratory system are carcinogenic, posing a significant threat to human health. Mesotheliomas are considered specific for exposure to asbestos dust. They are located in the pleura, peritoneum, pericardium and testicle sheaths. In Poland, the Institute of Occupational Medicine prof. Jerzy Nofer in Łódź is the only scientific institution in the country dealing comprehensively with the problem of asbestos harmful effects on living organisms.

Key words: asbestos, mesothelioma