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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2020, XLVIII/288: 422-426 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2020, XLVIII/288: 422-426

Title: Characteristics of structured medical hemostatic sponges as a medical devices for stop bleeding and for close the wound 

Authors: Pavliuk B, Chubka M, Hroshovyi T, Stechyshyn I. 

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Characteristics of structured medical hemostatic sponges as a medical devices for stop bleeding and for close the wound

Pavliuk B, Chubka M, Hroshovyi T, Stechyshyn I. I. Horbachevsky

Ternopil National Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine

Medical sponge is a tool that has absorbent and antiseptic properties, as well as stimulates tissue regeneration and is used in surgery, neurosurgery, dentistry, otolaryngology and gynecology to stop blood loss or to close wound surfaces (burns, trophic ulcers). To summarize the information of the professional literature on medical (hemostatic) sponges, their classification and applications, the areas of their use in medical practice and also modern excipients and active pharmaceutical ingredients that can be used in their technology.
The aim of the study
was to summarize data on the characteristics, classification of medical sponges, auxiliary substances and active pharmaceutical ingredients used in the technology of these agents and medical use.
Material and methods
. Methods of information retrieval, analysis of statistics and scientific literature on medical sponges and prospects of their use were applied in the study.
Results
. Despite the creation and research of a large number of medical sponges based on gelatin, chitosan, cellulose derivatives, collagen and other excipients, as well as the clinical demonstration of their efficacy and need for use, medical sponges are still need refinement and further study. Because of it, the search for the perfect foundation to create universal medical sponge is still ongoing.
Conclusions
. Expanding the range of medical sponges and researching new excipients for their manufacture are a promising area of modern medicine and pharmacy.

Key words: medical sponges, hemostatic sponges, wound, collagen, gelatin, chitosan

Pol Med J, 2020; XLVIII (288); 422–426