Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVI/216: 394-396 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXXVI/216: 394-396

Title: Suicide attempts in patients with borderline personality – preliminary report

Authors: Wierzbiński P., Zdanowicz A., Żurek A., Zboralski K., Florkowski A.

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Suicide attempts in patients with borderline personality – preliminary report

Wierzbiński P.1, Zdanowicz A.1, Żurek A.2, Zboralski K.1, Florkowski A.1

Medical University of Lodz, Poland: 1Department of Adult Psychiatry; 2Student Research Group, Department of Adult Psychiatry

Suicide is an act involving intentional taking his own life, which always raises a lot of emotion and controversy. In Poland, the suicide rate in the past few years has averaged about 15/100000 population, but in 2012 the number of suicides was fatal in 4177 cases. Over the years, there are certain fixed patterns in the epidemiology of suicide in Poland. Women often try to commit suicide but men often carry it out. Women usually choose less lethal methods. The highest rate of suicides committed in those states is between 50 and 59 years old.
The aim
of the study is to determine the prevalence of suicide attempts in patients with personality disorders of emotionally unstable personality type borderline and analysis of the underlying data and epidemiological determinants of suicide attempts.
Materials and methods
. The study included 12 patients with a diagnosis of personality disorder with borderline type. Mean age of patients was 33 years. 83% were women. There have been a random analysis of hospitalized psychiatric patients. The obtained data were statistically analyzed.
. 41.67% declared a suicide attempt, more than one 25%, and without suicide attempts was 33.33 % of the respondents. Popular method of choice was drugs (41.67%), followed by hanging (16.67%), and jump out of the window (8.33%). The most common cause was heartbreak, then the stress of job loss and social conflict. 41.67% of patients had no comorbidities.
. Emotionally unstable personality borderline type carries a high risk of suicide attempts. The majority of suicide attempts was by the method of low or moderate lethality. Suicide attempts occurred in patients with the same personality disorder, to a lesser extent in patients with concomitant other disorders. Females more predisposed to committing suicide.

Key words: suicide, borderline personality

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2014, XXXVI, 216, 394