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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2013, XXXV/205: 039-042 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2013, XXXV/205: 039-042

Title: Assessment the lifestyle in patients after recent acute coronary syndrome qualified for cardiac rehabilitation and in healthy subjects 

Authors: Mejer A., Irzmański R., Pawlicki L., Kowalski J.

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Assessment the lifestyle in patients after recent acute coronary syndrome qualified for cardiac rehabilitation and in healthy subjects


Mejer A., Irzmański R., Pawlicki L., Kowalski J. Medical University of Łódź, Poland, IIId Chair of Rehabilitation with Department of Internal Diseases and Cardiac Rehabilitation

Results of a lot of research indicate that preventive activities consisting in the fighting of risk factors have the greatest influence on the reduction of the incidence of ischaemic heart disease.
The aim of the study
was to assess the lifestyle in patients after recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) qualified for cardiac rehabilitation and in healthy subjects (with no diagnosis of coronary thrombosis).
Material and methods
. The research included 86 patients, 64 men and 22 women aged 42–78 (mean age 61.7±9.6 years) after recent ACS, treated with PCI (percutaneous coronary interventions), and qualified for cardiac rehabilitation (stage II) – group I. The control group included 88 people, 54 men and 34 women aged 34–75 (mean age 56.2±9.7 years), who were clinically healthy – group II. The assessment of a lifestyle was performed based on the presence of four positive behaviours, i.e. eating appropriate amount of vegetables and (or) fruit every day, refraining from smoking, satisfactory levels of physical activity, and correct body mass. Based on these factors, a lifestyle index was calculated, from 0 (no positive health behaviours) to 4 (all positive health behaviours present), the so-called healthy lifestyle index.
Results
. Among the examined elements of lifestyle index in ill and healthy subjects, satisfactory physical activity was the rarest (in 16.67% of men and in 9.09% women after ACS and in 16.22% of healthy men and 11.63% healthy women. Healthy lifestyle index was determined in 4.88% of patients after ACS. It was not found in healthy subjects.
Conclusion
. The analysis of the lifestyle index shows that a change of one’s lifestyle is necessary as an initial and secondary prevention.

Key words: acute coronary syndrome, cardiac rehabilitation, lifestyle index

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2013, XXXV, 205, 39