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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXIX/171: 177-180 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2014, XXIX/171: 177-180

Title: Influence of vegetarian diet on serum values of homocysteine and total antioxidant status in children

Authors: Chełchowska M., Ambroszkiewicz J., Klemarczyk W., Gajewska J., Ołtarzewski M., Laskowska-Klita T.

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Influence of vegetarian diet on serum values of homocysteine and total antioxidant status in children


Chełchowska M.1, Ambroszkiewicz J.1, Klemarczyk W.2, Gajewska J.1, Ołtarzewski M.1, Laskowska-Klita T.1

Institute of Mother and Child in Warsaw, Poland: 1Screening Department; 2Department of Nutrition

The vegetarian diet may play a preventive role in the development of chronic diseases such as coronary heart and cardiovascular disease. However increase of homocysteine (Hcy) concentration in peoples avoiding animal products may contribute to an increased atherosclerotic risk in these subjects. Recent evidence has suggested that role of hyperhomocysteinemia in atherogenesis is associated with process of autooxidation, which can promote the production of hydroxyl radicals, resulting in oxidative modification of low density lipoprotein and endothelium injury. The oxidant-antioxidant imbalance depends not only on the amount of enhanced free oxygen species but also insufficiency of antioxidant defence system. Total antioxidant status (TAS) expresses capacity for scavenging of free radicals minimizes oxidative damage.
A The aim of this study
was to asses concentrations of homocysteine and total antioxidant status in serum of children on vegetarian and omnivorous diet. We also studied levels of vitamin A (retinol) and vitamin E (α-tocopherol) particular components of TAS.
Material and methods
. The study included 35 children, aged 5–16 who had been referred to Institute of Mother and Child for dietary consultation. From those, 17 were lacto-ovo-vegetarians and 18 omnivores. Dietary constituents were analyzed using the nutritional programme Dietetyk2® and completed with supplementation data. Concentration of homocysteine was estimated in serum with fluorescence polarization immunoassay and TAS by colorimetric method. Levels of vitamin A and E were determined using high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC).
Results
. The mean concentration of homocysteine was similar in both studied groups (vegatarians: 6.13±1.01 μmol/l vs. omnivores: 5.45 ± 0.98 μmol/l). In vegetarian children serum level of TAS was significantly lower (1.21±0.06 mmol/l) as compared to those in nonvegetarian ones (1.30±0.05 mmol/l, p < 0.0001), but remained within the physiological range (1.16–1.40 mmol/l). The mean concentrations of vitamins A and E in serum of vegetarians were lower than observed in omnivores group, but only in case of -tocopherol the difference was statistically significant (vegetarians: 15.58±4.12 vs. omnivores: 18.41±3.10; p < 0.05).
Conclusion
. In studied group of children on lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet, serum concentrations of homocysteine are normal and daily food intake of antioxidants and their level in blood are sufficient for preserving adequate total antioxidant status.

Key words: vegetarians, children, homocysteine, total antioxidant status

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2010, XXIX, 171, 177