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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2011, XXXI/182: 130-133 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2011, XXXI/182: 130-133

Title: Concepts of the borderline personality disorders

Authors: Ogłodek E., Araszkiewicz A..

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Concepts of the borderline personality disorders

Ogłodek E., Araszkiewicz A.

Chair of Psychiatry, Collegium Medicum of Bydgoszcz, Poland

For many years, the borderline personality disorders have mainly been researched in terms of psychoanalytical theories, such as theories on relations with the object. Nowadays, there are three kinds of concepts that are distinguishable. The first ones are those which are group models, serving attempts to made characteristic sets of qualities, represented by individuals suffering from the borderline personality disorders, more precise. The remaining concepts are models of conflict and deficit, which explain complicated mechanisms of interactions of social, psychological and biological factors, and therefore, contribute to better understanding of the genesis of the symptoms of this disorder. Upon the basis of the attempts made so far in the field of describing the borderline personality disorders, one may indicate certain criteria, representative for the entire group of individuals with this diagnosis, regardless of the assumptions applicable to the genesis of the disorder and its symptoms, even though the population of the infirm suffering from the borderline personality disorders is not internally homogenous. The interest of psychologists, attempting to describe the borderline personality disorders, is focused upon certain sets of qualities, presented as the examples of descriptive models. Among the researchers, working on the issues of the borderline personality disorders in this manner, there are: Gunderson, Kernberg, Kohut, Winnicot, Guntrip, Fairbairn, Adler and Buie.

Key words: ego, id, superego, self, borderline personality disorders

Pol. Merk. Lek., 2011, XXXI, 182, 130