Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXVIII/224: 088-092 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXVIII/224: 088-092

Title: The occurrence of tumors of the central nervous system in a clinical observation 

Authors: Pastuszak Ż, Tomczykiewicz K, Piusińska-Macoch R, Stępień A, Kordowska J

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The occurrence of tumors of the central nervous system in a clinical observation

Pastuszak Ż1, Tomczykiewicz K1, Piusińska-Macoch R1, Stępień A1, Kordowska J2.

1Department of Neurology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of National Defense, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland; 2Department of Neurology, Specialized Regional Hospital, Ciechanów, Poland

Brain tumor is an abnormal growth of cells in central nervous system (CNS). The most common primary brain tumors are: gliomas, meningiomas, pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas. The secondary group are metastatic tumors. About 25% patients with cancers have metastasis to CNS.
The aim of this study
was to evaluate the most common symptoms and localization of brain tumors, time from first symptoms to diagnosis and patients’ survival rate.
Material and methods
. In this retrospective study 106 patients with primary and metastatic brain tumors hospitalized in Military Institute of Medicine from 2007 to 2012 year were investigated.
. The most common cause of metastases to brain is non-smallcell lung carcinoma. The most frequent symptom of brain tumor is headache but very often patients have seizures, vomits, arms and legs weakness. The mean time of life for patients with gliomas was 9 month and 13 days for patients with brain metastases.
. It occurred that patients with primary and secondary brain tumors lived shorter than it is described in literature. In group of patients with metastases to brain 60% had one or two brain tumors so they could be treated with surgery and prognosis for them was better.

Key words: brain tumor, gliomas, metastatic tumor, intracranial hypertension, brain radiotherapy.

Pol Med J, 2015; XXXVIII (224); 88–92