Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXVIII/224: 113-118 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2015, XXXVIII/224: 113-118

Title: Epidemiology, prevention and risk morbidity factors for lung cancer 

Authors: Radziszewska A, Karczmarek-Borowska B, Grądalska-Lampart M, Filip AA

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Epidemiology, prevention and risk morbidity factors for lung cancer

Radziszewska A1, Karczmarek-Borowska B2, Grądalska-Lampart M1, Filip AA.3

1Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Registry of Podkarpaty, Oncology Centre of Podkarpaty in Rzeszów, Poland; 2Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszów, Poland; 3Department of Cancer Genetics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

Lung cancer incidence kept increasing dynamically in male population until the late 90s and then there was a sudden drop in the cases and this tendency has been maintained up till now. What seems upsetting, however, is the fact that for female population there is a constant growth in the lung cancer morbidity. Needless to say, Poland still belongs to the countries with high lung cancer incidence and lung cancer mortality. In 2011 the standardized morbidity rate in Poland accounted for 50,0/100 000 in male population and 17,3/100 000 in female population. In Podkarpacie Voivodeship it was 43,6/100 000 for males and 11,8/100 000 for females respectively. Lung cancer incidence and lung cancer mortality seem to increase together with age, and for people 65 and more this type of cancer accounts for approximately 50% of all cancer cases and cancer caused deaths. In spite of various research conducted and great medical progress little can be done to cure lung cancer. The percentage of 5-year survivals increased for males from 10,8% in years 2000-2002 to 11,9% in years 2003-2005, and for females from 15,7% to 16,9%. The main cause of lung cancer is certainly active and passive smoking. It is highly possible that environmental factors are also responsible for lung cancer cases. Among the most devastating are such factors as asbestos, arsenic, aromatic hydrocarbons, individual lifestyle and nutrition, genetic predisposition and finally the pollution, particularly of the air.

Key words: morbidity and mortality, risk factors, lung cancer

Pol Med J, 2015; XXXVIII (224); 113–118