Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XL/237: 149-152 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XL/237: 149-152

Title: Zika virus as a new threat to the health and life 

Author: Płusa T.

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Zika virus as a new threat to the health and life

Płusa T.

EMC Medical Institute SA – Department of Internal Medicine and Lung Disease, Hospital st. Anna in Piaseczno, Poland

The newly emerging pathogens are increasingly becoming a threat to health and life, as the cause of epidemic infections. In the last three years there were outbreaks caused by Zika virus, which was transmitted by mosquitoes mainly from the region of South America. However, reports WHO and CDC indicate that infection has now reached to most countries of the world, including European countries. The clinical picture of what is observed during the infection is not very distinctive, because apart from febrile states, and pain syndrome, including retrobulbar pain syndrome in the acute phase there are no other symptoms. The problem is especially severe neurological complications in the form of Guillain-Barre syndrome and other neurological disorders, as well as microcephaly had been found in newborns of mothers infected with the virus Zika. Treatment of infected patients boils down to symptomatic, because there is no vaccine or drugs to inhibit the replication of the virus. Underway while work on genetically modified mosquitoes to their offspring quickly wasting away. As part of the preventive measures recommended to bypass areas where the density of mosquitoes is particularly dangerous.

Key words: Zika virus, microcephaly, Guillain-Barre

Pol Med J, 2016; XL (237); 149–152