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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XL/237: 164-167 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XL/237: 164-167

Title: Evaluation of prevalece of plasma 25(OH)D vitamin deficiency in residents of Lodz 

Authors: Godala M, Materek-Kuśmierkiewicz I, Moczulski D, Szatko F, Gaszyńska E, Tokarski S, Kowalski J. 

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Evaluation of prevalece of plasma 25(OH)D vitamin deficiency in residents of Lodz


Godala M1, Materek-Kuśmierkiewicz I2, Moczulski D2, Szatko F3, Gaszyńska E3, Tokarski S4, Kowalski J5.

Medical University of Lodz, Poland: 1Department of Hygiene of Nutrition and Epidemiology,2Department of Internal Diseases and Nephrodiabetology, 3Department of Hygiene and Health Promotion, 5Department of Internal and Infectious Diseases; 4Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Poland

Only scarce data have been published regarding serum vitamin D status in adult population in Poland. Observational studies have suggested relationship between 25(OH)D deficiency and many diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, autoimmunological diseases or cancers. Still little is known about plasma 25(OH)D deficiency in Polish healthy adults.
The aim of the study
was to assess plasma 25(OH)D vitamin deficiency in residents of Lodz.
Material and methods
. The study included 326 residents of Lodz, 156 men and 170 women, aged 30-65 years (mean 57,25±8,24 years). The study group was divided according to the age and season. The plasma level of 25(OH)D above 30 ng/ml was considered normal, between 21 ng/ml and 30 ng/ml – suboptimal (hypovitaminosis) and below 20 ng/ml – insufficient (deficiency).
Results
. Plasma 25(OH)D vitamin deficiency was observed in 23,01% participants, hipovitaminosis – in 46,32%, the recommended 25(OH)D concentration in the plasma was observed only in 30,67%. Plasma 25(OH)D vitamin deficiency was observed more often in men than women (25,64% vs. 20,59%, p<0,05); the highest percentage of patients with recommended 25(OH)D vitamin level was observed during summer months (60%).
Conclusions
. Plasma 25(OH)D vitamin deficiency was very high in residents of Lodz, especially in men, people over 55 years and during winter months.

Key words: residents of Lodz, vitamin D, deficiency

Pol Med J, 2016; XL (237); 164–167