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Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XL/238: 230-234 Maximize

Pol. Merkur. Lek (Pol. Med. J.), 2016, XL/238: 230-234

Title: Assessment of the pain patients with the multiple sclerosis after applying the physiotherapy treatment 

Authors:  Kubsik A, Klimkiewicz R, Klimkiewicz P, Janczewska K, Jankowska A, Łukasiak A, Woldańska-Okońska M. 

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Assessment of the pain patients with the multiple sclerosis after applying the physiotherapy treatment

Kubsik A1, Klimkiewicz R1, Klimkiewicz P2, Janczewska K1, Jankowska A1, Łukasiak A1, Woldańska-Okońska M1.

1Medical University of Lodz, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine; 2Cabinet of Physiotherapy „MedicalFizjo“

Multiple sclerosis is one of the most common demyelinating disease of the CNS connected with the autoimmune action. The effect of the disease is progressive disability, and one of the symptoms is pain. In relieving pain in the course of MS physical procedures and exercises of physiotherapy are used.
The aim of the study
was assessment of the pain in patients with the multiple sclerosis after applying laser radiation, magnetostimulation and kinesiotherapy.
Material and methods
. The studied material was consisted of 120 patients with multiple sclerosis of both sexes (82 women and 38 men) aged 21-81 years. Patients were randomly divided into 4 treatment groups and the assesment was performed three times. In the first group laser therapy, in the group II laser and magnetostimulation, in the third group kinesiotherapy, in the fourth group magnetostimulation was used. The same program of physiotherapy in all groups was used. All patients were performed the following tests to assess of the pain: The Laitinen Modified Questionnaire Indicators of Pain of and the Visual- Analogue Scale (VAS).
Results
. In all treatment groups was observed tends to decrease a result of a point in The Laitinen Modified Questionnaire Indicators of Pain and the Visual-Analogue Scale (VAS). Correlation between groups demonstrated statistically significant result on the level p<0.05 in the group where the laser treatment was applied towards group II assessed with parameter of the Questionnaire of Pain according to Laitinen, as well as towards group II and III assessed with parameter – of the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). The good result, i.e. the reduction of the spot value, after the III examination towards the preliminary examination were got in the group II.
Conclusions
. Laser radiation is an effective method which has an analgesisc action. The combination of laser radiation and magnetostimulation reduces pain in patients with multiple sclerosis, and also allows to maintain a therapeutic effect even after the cessation of the application of these procedures, which indicates the possibility to elicitation the biological phenomenon of hysteresis in these methods.

Key words: multiple sclerosis, pain, laser radiation, magnetostimulation

Pol Med J, 2016; XL (238); 230–234