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Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2016, XXII/2: 072-080 Maximize

Int. Rev. Allergol. Clin. Immunol. Family Med., 2016, XXII/2: 072-080

Title: Epidemiology and clinical course of viral respiratory infections in children aged 0-5 years 

Authors: Nitsch-Osuch A, Gyrczuk E, Topczewska-Cabanek A, Kanecki K, Brydak L. 

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02-02-2016

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SUMMARY IN POLISH & ENGLISH. FULL ARTICLE ONLY IN POLISH.

Epidemiology and clinical course of viral respiratory infections in children aged 0-5 years

Nitsch-Osuch A1, Gyrczuk E1, Topczewska-Cabanek A1, Kanecki K2, Brydak L3.

Medical Universitet in Warsaw, Poland: 1Chair and Department of Family Medicine; 2Chair of Social Medicine, Department of Health Care; 3Department of Influenza Investigation, National Centre for Influenza, National Institute of Public Health – National Department of Hygiene in Warsaw, Poland

Int Rev Allergol Clin Immunol Family Med, 2016; Vol. 22, No. 2. 72

Viral respiratory tract infections are a major cause of outpatient and hospital admissions among young children.
The aim of the study
was to describe the incidence and the course of viral respiratory infections in children aged 0-5 years.
Material and methods
. The total number of 114 children was included into the study. All patients presented influenza-like symptoms and were examined for the presence of 12 viruses. Nosopharyngeal swabs were tested with RT-PCR method for: influenza A virus, influenza B virus, parainfluenza 1, parainfluenza 2, parainfluenza 3 virus, rhinovirus, metapneumovirus, adenowirus, RSV A, RSV B virus and two coronaviruses: OC43 and 229E/NL63.
Results
. The viral etiology of respiratory tract infection was confirmed in 72 children (62%), in 62 (54%) patients the disease was caused by a single etiological agent, while in 9 (8%) patients there were viral coinfections. The most often found viruses were influenza A and B viruses (35 patients, 30%), and RSV infections (27 patients, 24%).
Conclusions
. Since influenza viruses are the most common etiological agents of respiratory tract infections in young children, it is strongly recommended to increase the influenza vaccine coverage rates among children younger than 5 years, as the vaccination is the most effective tool in the prevention of the disease.

Key words: children, viral infections, respiratory system